In real life combat. Who do you think would win? An army of Halberdiers vs two-handed swordsmen? Both are wearing heavy armour. But who do think would win?
Screenshot from a game called Divide and Conquer. Two normal-ish units face against each other. Halberdiers do armour-piercing damage, have more reach, and are able to keep the enemy from even touching you as the Halberds work both like a long spear and an axe at the same time.
With the same logic in Age of Empires. Who do you think would actually win?
Halberds could actually pierce armour, either with the back spike from a swing, or with the top spike after the opponent in knocked prone.
You can put your weight behind a Halberd strike, which actually makes it good vs Armour.
" Pole arms were common weapons on Medieval battlefields of Asia and Europe. Their range and impact force made them effective weapons against armored warriors on horseback, because they could be dismounted and/or penetrate said armor."
No, it was actually Pikes. Pikes could beat all Polearm Infantry, but lost to Shielded Infantry that could get inside the Pike line. Two-handed Swords were there to aid Infantry getting inside the Pike line, and Halberds were there to punish the Infantry that did.
Halberds were then use as Seaborne Infantry weapons, because you could use them aboard boats or on disembarkment, but you could not use Pikes effectively in those scenarios.
Pikes were heavily dependant of formation fighting to be effective, and were almost useless alone, while Halberds were not, since the weapon could hook or slash, unlike the Pike.
unfortunately almost no game uses the correct realism wrt “polearm” type weapons almost always only being good vs cavalry… likely due to simplicity sake… (both for the player to understand the game and for the devs to balance it)
Late Middle Ages, which is when Large swords and Halberds come into being.
Halberds AND Pikes were used in the same formation. You would put Halberdiers in your Pikemen formation, so they could cover the Pikemen from any enemy that made it through the Pike line, at which point the Pikemen were defenseless.
Are we supposed to be talking a “regular” 2 handed sword here (even the comparatively tiny katana was already made for 2 handed use) or the massive zweihander type swords? Those last ones were overall pretty similar in use to halberds (similar reach, similar momentum behind a full swing, similar defensive uses for the tip), and several posts here have laid out the differences there are pretty well.
As for which army would realistically win: I don’t think realistically there would be two such armies. At best there’s a skirmish on a city square between a specialized mercenary company and the Papal Guard or something. I would probably agree the halberds have a bit of an edge based on the armor piercing back spike, but at the same time even in armor you’re going to be smacked up pretty good by a two meter long sword.
I also don’t think this works as an argument for buffing the spearman line.
Scotland had a heavy use of two handed swordsmen. But most used a trusty sword and shield.
Virtually everyone used the spear however for most part over the sword. Unless, they really lacked wood. A spear is basically a wooden stick with pointy tip. That’s cheap to make. Where as sword needs lots of iron to make it when compared to a spear.
Even the Romans, did not completely abandon the spear. They needed to use them to counter cavalry.
It was actually a weapon for the bodyguards of the nobility and admirals.
They used light clothing that dispersed body heat, beneath the armour.
As you can see in the drawing, the armour was mostly a Breastplate and Helmet, with sometimes some steel Greaves (but mostly it was leather boots with a chainmail layer between the leather, to protect from leg swipes by cutting weapons, like the Naginata).
True for their bodyguards aswell, but Nobles had training in Montante and Halberd in the context of India Campaigns (16th century), for example Lourenco Almeida, son of Francisco de Almeida.
Montante in Iberia became a symbol of power and prestige, hence why it got popular with the upper class.
I posted a source on other thread where 2 brothers used Montantes to defend (although the ship was lost in the end) against a ship boarding action.
Edit: My bad, I actually posted on a discord conversation, but I will get it xD
Makes sense to use the same technique so it does not rust.
Found a different source:
Vs Ming a small naval battle:
“Pedro Homem put up an admirable fight, being “in stature one of the largest men of Portugal, and his spirit of bravery and physical strength were different from the common man.” He was the last to fall for he wore European plate armour and kept the Chinese at bay with a heavy montante until he was eventually taken down by a cannon shot.”